Inactive Ingredients

The following is a list of inactive ingredients used in some of our products. These are fillers and excipients as defined by the Food Chemical Codex, nutrient compounds utilized for their physical properties to aid in the supplement production process. Derived from edible sources, they are generally free of common allergens. To determine which natural inactive ingredients are included in a specific product, please refer to the supplement facts panel.

Annatto extract is a natural food color and protectant from the achiote tree, used in some CoQ10 formulas.
Cellulose is a major component of plants and is the most abundant organic substance in nature. Cellulose Powder (labeled “Microcrystalline Cellulose”) is derived from this fibrous plant material and is used as a capsule filler. Cellulose powder is also sold separately as a pure fiber supplement, and is very well tolerated.
Croscarmellose Sodium is derived from cellulose, and is used to enhance tablet stability, dissolution, and disintegration in the GI tract, improving bioavailability. 
Dicalcium Phosphate (calcium phosphate, dibasic) is a naturally occurring mineral, used as a formulating agent. 
D-limonene oil is obtained from orange peel, and is used in a few formulas to prevent crystallization of CoQ10. 
Gelatin is used in our non-vegetarian capsules, including softgels. It is a protein derived from bovine collagen, and contains high amounts of the amino acids proline and glycine. 
Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (sometimes labeled “Micosolle™”) is the ingredient that comprises our vegetarian capsules. It is Cellulose (see above) that has undergone further processing.
L-leucine is an essential branched-chain amino acid, found in almost all animal and vegetable proteins. We include a small amount of it as a lubricant in some of our formulas. 
Magnesium Stearate provides lubricating properties, and is from a vegetable source. It is comprised of stearic acid (see below) and magnesium palmitate, a magnesium salt of a 16-carbon saturated fatty acid. Both fats are components of the membrane structure in the human body.
Silicon Dioxide, or silica, (sometimes labeled “Cab-o-sil®”), is a common chemical compound naturally found in a wide variety of rocks and minerals. It is used as a drying agent. 
Stearic Acid is a 18-carbon saturated fatty acid used for its lubricating properties. It is a component of the membrane structure in the human body. Vegetable source.
Yellow beeswax is used as a colorant and protectant in the production of softgel capsules. It is a natural wax comprised of fatty acid esters and long chain alcohols.
Zinc oxide is used in some softgel formulations, and is generally recognized as safe (GRAS).